September 22, 2011, 12:30 am
Luxembourg is an important point on the map of international legislation, since it is home of the European Court of Justice for more than fifty years. Besides, there are also national courts that that care of the juridical system in Luxembourg. According to statistics, there are more than 1,000 lawyers in Luxembourg listed as members of the Luxembourg Bar. A quarter of them are foreigners, but they still had to register with the professional organization called Luxembourg Bar Council. Last but not least, attorneys in Luxembourg are subject to the Law of 10 August 1991, which stipulates strict rules regarding professional secrecy and behaviour.
Attorneys in Luxembourg must go through a period of training under the supervision of the ministry of justice. In fact, the national diploma of the graduate who wants to become a lawyer in Luxembourg must be recognised by the Ministry. There are no restrictions on nationality, so people from abroad can apply for this type of diploma too. They need to know though that only law schools from France and Belgium are recognised in Luxembourg. After that, the future attorney must take six months of courses in Luxembourg law and then pass an exam in order to obtain another diploma. There is also a two years stage in a law firm in Luxembourg that must be completed in order to become an attorney in Luxembourg. Nevertheless, if a foreign lawyer want to establish in Luxembourg, he must open a “cabinet d’avocats” in Luxembourg.
Forms of practice
Some attorneys in Luxembourg practice law as individuals, while others are members of law firms in Luxembourg. A particularity is that more and more law firms in Luxembourg are specialised in business law, notably banking or finance law. Court advocates in Luxembourg need a full qualification, while attorneys are lawyers in Luxembourg without any practical training. Therefore, attorneys in Luxembourg need to be supervised by a court advocate in their activity. There is also another category of lawyers in Luxembourg, that of the EU admitted lawyers.
Lawyers in Luxembourg can choose to be generalists and offer advice in several legal areas or they can be specialists in certain fields. Lawyers also have monopoly on pleading in court and they are the only ones that can be considered legal advisors. Taxes, banking, debt collection, contracts and other legal issues can be taken care of by a lawyer in Luxembourg.
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